Concrete Patios: How to Build it
Patios can be a wonderful addition to any home. Especially if it’s made out of decorative concrete. With decorative concrete, you’ll get all the benefits of a regular concrete, such as its impressive resilience and ease of maintenance, as well as the decorative effect that can significantly improve the overall look of your property. Unlike with wooden decks, you won’t have to worry about the weather or the paint. Your concrete patio, decorative or not, will last you for decades.
West Mount Concrete has all the necessary expertise to help you with creating a perfect patio you’ve always wanted. We will take into account your location, budget, and any other factor, and come with a solution that will fully satisfy you without breaking the bank.
How to Build Concrete Patios
The concrete slab is a very reliable base for the patio. It is an attractive and weather and wear resistant building material. Concrete cushion for building a patio is a relatively convenient construction project for one or two people. In addition, the cement slab will not move like bricks or rot like wood, it offers lasting value to your site and your home, and also offers you a convenient place to entertain friends and relatives.
Concrete Slab Construction Instructions
Necessary tools and materials for Concrete Patios: shovel, borders, wooden pegs, level, bucket, wheelbarrow or concrete mixer, fittings (optional), trowel, garden hose and sprayer, concrete sealant (optional).
After you finish the casting of the concrete slab, it will be permanent. Check with your local housing office to review requirements and restrictions for construction work. Get permission to build a project. A sketch plan for building a patio is not enough. Mark the perimeter of the patio and dig up the earth at least thirty centimeters in depth with a shovel. Leave an additional 10 cm., For each side, they will be installed additional fasteners, which will be removed later, as soon as the plate is finished.
Wooden frame construction
Before doing Concrete Patios, set the borders around the perimeter. Set the curb to ground level using as many garden borders as needed. For additional fastening you can install wooden pegs. Using a level, make sure the frame is level, this ensures that the top of the concrete slab is level.
Using a shovel, pour gravel into the base of the patio, at least 15 cm thick. Level the gravel with a rake. Knead concrete as directed on the bag. For small projects, a large bucket or wheelbarrow will probably be sufficient for mixing. For large projects, you have to fork out for a concrete mixer rental
Concrete Patios Fill
Pour concrete at least 10 cm thick. The thicker the site will be, the more stable it will be, however, for walking, the thickness is 5 cm. The minimum acceptable value. During concrete pouring, lay rebar or wire mesh to help strengthen the slab for a large patio. In order to lay the frame from the reinforcing mesh, fill half the concrete, lay the mesh in the upper part of this layer, and then fill the remaining concrete over the mesh. Using a level, make sure that the concrete surface is fairly even. Level the top layer of concrete with a trowel or level board.
Drying Concrete Patios
Allow the concrete surface to dry completely before walking on it. To prevent cracking and deformation during the drying phase, keep the concrete covered in the drying process. Use a garden hose with a spray gun to slightly wet the surface of the concrete approximately every six hours during the drying period. The next step is to delete the frames. Fill the open spaces with earth.
Concrete Patios – Tips & Warnings
Do not pour concrete on a very hot day (at temperatures above + 26-28 degrees) for best results. A temperature above the heat threshold indicates that the concrete will dry too quickly, and this is fraught with cracks and deformation. To preserve the concrete cushion from various stains and the harmful effects of moisture, it is worth sealing the surface of the concrete with sealant, after a proper period of concrete rehabilitation. If you want to build a concrete patio that will not come in the traditional gray color, you can use the powder dyes that are added to the solution at the preparation stage. This solution will help you dramatically change the look of concrete. If you plan to use pigments, you will have to mix all the concrete immediately to get a uniform color throughout the entire construction project.